With the Project:
Reducing pressure on natural resources
A main result of this project was the implementation of the Law on Pastures in the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2019. For the upcoming five years, improved and sustainable land use management practices shall be supported, especially in non-irrigated arid desert, steppe and mountain landscapes which constitute the vast majority of the territory. Competitive land use shall be reduced, particularly the use of pastures and forests.
Uzbekistan is a dry country, comprised mainly of mountains (20%) and arid/semi-arid areas (70%). The most serious environmental problems threatening the country’s natural resources are incremental soil salinisation and water contamination, wind and water erosion, overgrazing, deforestation and biodiversity losses. During the past 15-20 years, there has been a widespread degradation of pasturelands due to overgrazing, lack of pasture maintenance, and other anthropogenic factors.
Assistance was offered in the planting of more than 450,000 fruit and wood trees in order to form a green wall against dust storms and sand movement. Small parts of the afforested regions are reserved for cutting and selling the trees to ensure the funding of the project. More than 40 jobs have been created and the annual income of forestry has been increased by 245,000 $.
The project supported the formation of an innovative environment to reduce the pressure on land resources and improve sustainable entrepreneurship skills among the project's local partners. In addition, three generator kits were purchased to provide drinking water. They include solar panels, a wind generator and atmospheric moisture generators.
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