With the Project:
Solar Water Pumping Project in Jordan Valley and the Highlands
The MENA Region Initiative as a model of NEXUS Approach and Renewable Energy Technologies (MINARET) is a 4-year project that aims at strengthening the regional cooperation between Jordan, Tunisia, and Lebanon. Its approach integrates renewable energy technologies to mitigate climate change impacts and combat poverty. Inefficient electrical and diesel irrigation pumps are replaced with photovoltaic solar energy in Jordan’s farming system. Another goal is the increase of the contribution of renewable energy sources to the national energy supply by 10%.
Jordan has been facing disruptions in its energy supply due to inconsistent power imports from Egypt, coupled by a rising local electricity demand owing to a large influx of Syrian refugees and forced migrants. While not a primary driver of systemic energy sector challenges in Jordan, the Syrian crisis is a significant exacerbating factor. Rising energy costs also contribute to a reduction in funds that could be used to respond to the country’s overall development challenges. This situation birthed the need to re-evaluate the diversification of sources used to produce electricity.
The project is building the municipality’s resilience to climate change by adopting renewable energy resources and energy efficiency applications, water management techniques, and food security approaches. The photovoltaic pumping initiative implemented by the Ministry of Environment of Jordan is focused on climate change mitigation, in which the project has assessed the farmer’s needs, engaged local communities in decision making, supported and encouraged farmers to use clean energies. In addition, awareness is spread on the importance of renewable energy and water management as a way of improving livelihoods.
The local community is involved in sustainable initiatives on different levels with the help of municipalities as a link between the local community needs and challenges in the relationship with policymakers. In other words, the project is promoting inter-municipal regional cooperation to enhance good governance, and is equitably dealing with needs and human rights, especially of refugees living in and around municipalities. In addition, the amount of electricity that can be produced from the operation of one photovoltaic pumping system is approximately 6,000 MWh/year. Consequently, the emission reduction is estimated to be 4,167 tons of CO2-equivalent each year.
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