Submitted by: Haritika - Centre for Rural Development
Implemented country: India
Title: Swajal Project
The Government of Uttar Pradesh, an Indian state which is affected by acute water scarcity, implemented an integrated rural water supply and environmental sanitation project in 1000 villages with World Bank assistance. The project aims at promoting long-term sustainability of these sectors and delivering health and hygiene benefits to the rural population. The villages are selected on the basis of transparent criteria of demand, need, technical feasibility, economic viability and social and environmental soundness. From the variety of technologies for water supply, the one most suited to local conditions must be chosen for each of the selected villages. For smooth functioning, training of local staff is essential. That way the project also contributes to improve rural income earning opportunities, especially for women, who can utilise the time saved in collecting water for productive economic activities.