Submitted by: Transport for London
Implemented country: United Kingdom
Title: Central London Congestion Charging
The congestion charge is an £8 daily charge for driving or parking a vehicle on public roads within the congestion-charging zone, Monday to Friday, excluding public holidays. The zone is 21 square kilometers in size, representing 1.3% of the total 1580 sq km of Greater London. Certain vehicles, notably taxis, motorcycles and buses, are exempt from the charge. Before the introduction of congestion charging in February 2003, traffic speeds in central London averaged 8 mph, the same as 100 years ago, and according to the UK Department for Transport, congestion was six times as bad as a typical UK city. It was clear that without vigorous action, these problems would continue to increase. This project aims to encourage people to think twice before using their vehicles in central London and to choose other forms of transport. Congestion charging caused a reduction of congestion; it has also encouraged people to use public transport in order to reduce air pollution. Furthermore it benefits business efficiency by speeding up the movement of goods and people and also reduces the rate of traffic accidents.